“When you want something,

all the universe conspires

in helping you to achieve it"

Paulo Coelho

Research

Birthing New Energy Technology

1. Current Energy Technology

Currently, energy (electricity and heat) is produced by harnessing the chemical energy of fossil fuels, the forces of nature (wind, water, sun, biomass) and nuclear power based on the fission of heavy elements (plutonium, uranium, etc).

Fossil fuels have the disadvantage that they have to be mined and transported by ships or pipelines to user locations. The burning of fossil fuels pollutes our environment, threatens the equilibria of ecosystems and contributes to climate change. Fossil fuels have also been a cause of political conflicts, manipulation and wars.

The fission of nuclear fuels (plutonium) also has major disadvantages. Nuclear fission produces radioactive radiation and radioactive by-products. This has led to over a hundred nuclear accidents in the history of nuclear fission. There were three accidents which had major global repercussions; Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima.

There are currently about 500 nuclear reactors in the world. They all produce nuclear waste which will remain radioactive for centuries to come. This poses a great risk to the well-being of current and future generations.

Wind, solar and hydropower all have their limitations. Depending on local climate conditions, the energy produced is not available continuously and “on demand”. And if the energy is not completely consumed when the wind blows and/or the sun shines, this places great strain on electrical distribution grids.

In such overload situations the electricity produced by the big fossil fuel fired or hydroelectric power plants may have to be cut, stored somewhere or even be suspended. Yet the power plants have to be readily put again in full operation when solar and/or wind power is no longer available. This makes for a less efficient and more expensive energy infrastructure.

For instance, electricity grid operators in the Netherlands currently spend about € 3-4 billion annually to adapt the electricity grids to cope with the intermittent and distributed production of solar and wind power.

In countries where solar and wind power provide a large portion of the electricity (Germany, Denmark) the price of electricity to the consumer has gone up by 50%. Hydroelectricity is not available everywhere and all the time. It is also subject to the effects of climate change, which causes reservoirs to be improperly fed and river flows to have higher rates of peaks and troughs; many rivers are also running dry.

From the above review of our current methods of providing energy/electricity to our society it is concluded that it would be invaluable if an energy source were to come into being which is always available, everywhere, without polluting the environment and able to produce energy at a low cost.

2. Future Energy Technology

The founders of Restoration Power, its partners and their global network of scientists have spent the last 20 years researching new, reliable and clean energy technologies. And over the past 5 years, that quest has been rewarded with some important and fundamental insights.

Pistol Shrimps can create cavitation bubbles at very high pressure (1,000 - 10,000 Bar) and 10,000 degrees Kelvin to capture their prey
Pistol Shrimps can create cavitation bubbles at very high pressure (1,000 - 10,000 Bar) and 10,000 degrees Kelvin to capture their prey

That insight is that nature (e.g. the earth's crust, plants, animals, micro-organisms) uses energy sources which, for a large part, are based on the conversion of mass to energy. Einstein developed a formula for this: E = mc2. Theoretically, the energy density from the conversion of mass to energy is 2.5 x 1010 kWh/kg.

That is approximately 2 billion times the energy density due to fossil fuels burning (10-15 kWh/kg)! In nature, obviously each nuclear transmutation converts to energy only a tiny amount of the mass of the atoms involved.

This process, which takes place in all living things, has been studied by scientists for about four centuries. Biologists have named this process “Biological Transmutation”. A stunning summary of four centuries of research into biological transmutation was made by the French scientist Jean-Paul Biberian1. Until about 30 years ago, physicists had no idea of this process, which  fuels (next to the energy of the sun)  life on our planet.

In 1989, something amazing happened. Two physicists (Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann) imitated biological transmutation in the laboratory without realising it at the time. Their laboratory tests indicated that mass was converted to (‘anomalous’) heat.

Initially their invention was called "Cold Fusion" and later it was revised to a more precise description: "Low Energy Nuclear Reactions" ("LENRs"). This is a process which safely converts mass, contained in the nucleus of atoms, to heat.

At first, these two scientist were highly criticised by the scientific community, demanding extraordinary proof for an extraordinary claim. But today after 30 years of research at many universities around the world it is now recognised that they (Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann) stood on the threshold of a new era of energy production for our civilisation.

The amazing feature of this type of nuclear reaction is that it does not release either radioactive radiation or radioactive by-products. If radioactive radiation and byproducts were created, life on earth would not have evolved. In the numerous LENR tests that have been carried out to date, it has been found that the phenomenon of cavitation, which takes place in many instances in nature, creates conditions which enable  LENRs to occur.

Our Purpose

To midwife the birth of a new class of Energy Technologies for all